The Devon Karst Research Society & Speleološko Društvo "Zelena Brda"
Istočna Hercegovina, Bosna i Hercegovina.
Источна Херцеговина, Босна и Херцеговина,
FATNIČKO POLJE - ФАТНИЧКО ПОЉЕ
Fatnica Polje, Eastern Herzegovina, Bosnia & Herzegovina.
updated 15 January 2006..
Polje Section 1.0. Webpage Contents :
on the underlined Links above to move
Fatničko Polje Statistics :
/ 980 ha. / 2 422 acres.
The residual limestone hill,.HUMAC
with Serbian Orthodox Church on top at 513 m.asl. :
(Photos : Hungarian Cave Diving Group, Nov. 2005.)
Photos FP1.6. and FP1.7. (above).
This comparatively small karst polje is situated in the Dinaric Karst and centrally within the area known as Eastern Herzegovina. The nearest large urban conurbation is Trebinje, 51 km. by road to its south. Fatnica is situated 185 km. by road from Sarajevo. The Polje is just 21 km. from the border with R. Montenegro (R. Crna Gora).
main settlement of the Polje is the village of Fatnica, after which
it is named. This is situated along the middle of the north perimeter of
the polje, where it straddles either side of the main road. Other villages
bordering the Polje are Divin (650 m. asl.), Kalac (550 m.
asl.), Narat (580 m. asl.),
Orahovice (550 m. asl.) and
There are other small settlements, either sparsely inhabited or totally
deserted. Beside the main road at an elevation of 568m asl., immediately
above Estavela "Obod" and few hundred metres south of the old settlement
of Kalac, there are the remains of an old burial ground, which is still
used today. This is a very interesting Stećci
a great distance, it would appear that the Polje is connected with the
adjacent Dabarsko Polje to its west. However, the two polja are distinctly
separated by a limestone corrosional plateau ridge (= "LJUT") of average
2 km. in width. Notwithstanding this, both polja do have the appearance
of being separate karst depressions within an even larger karst depression.
A possible hypothesis for this is that during their early stages of morphogenesis,
both karst depressions may have begun as a single karst morphological /
hydrogeological unit, sharing a common polje floor, before subsequent downward
erosional evolution divided it into the now two separate polje areas. The
karst corrosional plateau separating them is a remnant of a larger karst
plateau (local term = zaravan) which is also evident to the south of the
polje and at Pađeni at its south-east end and again even further
east in the area around Plana, nominally at the 600m contour.
(see Photos FP1.1. and
KALAC STEĆCI SITE :
(Photos : B. Lewarne, 08 Sept. 2001.)
Photos FP1.8. and FP1.9. (above). ancient Christian
Photo FP1.1. (above left). A view of the Plana Zaravan (residual karst corrosion plateau) to the left side of the approach road to Orahovice and Fatnica from the direction of Plana.
This area is pitted with dolines and is at the nominal elevation of 600m. asl. A further karst terrace can be seen in the background at a higher elevation.
Photo FP1.2. (above right). A view from the same location as above but looking towards the karst depression of Fatničko Polje in the middle distance.
The onward road to Fatnica can be seen snaking away in the distance in the far right of the view.
(Photos : B. Lewarne, 04 March 2002. using Digital Sony FD92.)
POLJE - ФАТНИЧКО ПОЉЕ
Philipp Ballif, (1896) gives us an analysis of the polje-floor useage of "Fatničkopolje" at the time of his survey of the area. He reported that in general, Fatničko Polje had a :-
"good covering of humus, very productive, 60% was under cultivation; 20% was given over for meadows; 10% was pasture; with the residue unproductive. The corn harvest had ended."
We have no comparative data about the present ground-useage of this karst polje.
[More historical information to follow.]
Photo FP1.3. (Digital Sony FD92. Photo : Bogdan Prelević, 08 September 2001.)
A panoramic view of Fatničko Polje from Orahovica at its eastern end, looking towards the far north-western corner.
The view shows the area of the Upper Polje and reveals the 2 km wide residual limestone ridge (= Ljut) at the far end (crossing from centre-left to right)
at a much lower elevation than the surrounding limestone massifs. This ridge or plateau forms the dividing barrier between Fatničko Polje and Dabarsko Polje.
|FATNIČKO POLJE - ФАТНИЧКО ПОЉЕ||
Survey by HET Co. (Originated by Ing. S. čerimagić, Drawn by S.Vlahović & checked by M. Milićević, July 1979.).
Subsequent additional karstographic annotation by P.T. Milanović.
the CROSS-SECTION A - B..underneath
are now working on the possibility of scanning a detailed final image of
the polje and using this to implant
Links at various points of interest.
|FATNIČKO POLJE - ФАТНИЧКО ПОЉЕ||
from the original Yugoslav 1 : 50 000 Series. (Image File size = 722 kB)
[Return to Top of Page.]
|FATNIČKO POLJE - ФАТНИЧКО ПОЉЕ|||....FP (Practical Notes)....|....Return to Fatničko Polje Index Page....|....FP Section 2....||